As of 2014, there were an estimated 11 million illegal immigrants living in the United States, according to the Pew Research Center. More than half of these are Mexican immigrants.
In June 2015, Donald Trump discussed the dilemma of immigration in the U.S. and accused Mexico of sending drugs, crime and rapists to the country in his campaign announcement speech.
This statement has caused controversy among members of the Latino community. Sylvia Martinez, director of the IU Latino Studies Program, said she was shocked by Trump’s comments on
The Every Student Succeeds Act, or ESSA, directs more attention to English Language Learners. This new federal education law replaced No Child Left Behind last December, and it could mean a big change for ELL students and the schools that educate them.
One ESSA provision dictates states move English learner instruction from Title III, the program it used to live under, to Title 1. Title I has more prominence and money.
The law also dictates that ELL proficiency be part of the criteria that states use to hold schools accountable.
Depending on the season, Indiana farms employ between 2,000 and 20,000 migrant farm workers. When workers migrate, often their families do, too.
Children in this mobile lifestyle can face interrupted schooling, cultural and language barriers, and social isolation — factors that inhibit a child’s ability to do well in school.
A public preschool for migrant children in Vincennes, the IN Region 4 Migrant Preschool Center, works to combat that. The preschool teaches migrant children, ages 2 to 5, in English and Spanish. It aims to prepare them for future instruction, wherever they may go.
“The rent is too expensive,” Indiana Hernandez, 33, the manager of Lucy’s Barber Shop on North 5th Street in Reading, said of her reasons for leaving the Bronx. She moved to the U.S. from the Dominican Republic in 2006, and she said she liked her adopted city well enough — work in the shop was preferable to the waitressing and factory jobs she had in New York, though she’d rather be doing hair in the front of the shop than sitting in the back room, monitoring the security cameras. Another shop employee, Aidee Maria, 39, said that the Bronx was fine for work, but that Reading’s quality of life was preferable.
“I like the flowers,” Maria said of her new hometown, laughing.
Families and friends celebrated the Hispanic and Latino communities Tuesday night with recognition through awards to community members and students.
The community members gathered at City Hall to recognize these leading members in the Latino and Hispanic communities in Bloomington.
Students and adults alike were honored.
The Commission on Hispanic and Latino Affairs includes members appointed by Bloomington Common Council and Mayor John Hamilton.
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M.—Latino scholars and activists are criticizing Republican Mike Pence for referring to “that Mexican thing,” at the vice-presidential debate as he tried to brush aside criticism of Donald Trump’s comments about Mexican immigrants.
They said Pence’s remark was dehumanizing and tinged with sexual innuendo.
Pence’s comment came after Democratic vice-presidential Tim Kaine pressed the Republican on Trump’s remarks last year comparing Mexican immigrants to rapists.
“Senator, you whipped out that Mexican thing again,” Pence said.
Latinos are by far the fastest growing chunk ofthe U.S. school population. A new report by the National Council of La Raza gives a fascinating snapshot of this fast-growing population.
Here are some highlights:
- Over the last 15 years, Latino enrollment has significantly outpaced that of whites and African-Americans.
- Latinos under the age of 18 now total 18.2 million, a 47 percent jump since 2000.
- Though white children are still the majority in this age group — 52 percent — Latino children are projected to make up about a third of total pre-K-12 enrollment by 2023.
- The percentage of Latino children whose parents were born in the U.S. now dwarfs the number of Latino children whose parents were foreign born, 46 to 6 percent. States in the southeastern U.S., led by Tennessee and South Carolina, have seen the most dramatic increases in second-generation Latino children. In other words …
- Immigration is no longer the primary factor driving Latino population growth. Overall, 95 percent of Latinos 18 and younger are U.S. born.
JEFFERSONVILLE — Lorenzo Arredondo was 5 years old when his teacher told him to speak English to his parents.
“[My mother] said, ‘Look, your teachers’ job is to teach you English. This is America. You have to learn English,'” Arredondo said. “‘My job is to teach you Spanish so you don’t lose your language and your culture …'”
That was 70 years ago.
A Hoosier-born son of Mexican immigrants, Arredondo finds that his Spanish is valuable these days. It helps bridge the gap between the former judge who is running for Indiana Attorney General and his Latino constituents, who he hopes he can motivate to vote.
The Latino Film Festival celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month, that began Sept. 15 and runs through Oct. 15. The four-day event kicks off Sept. 22 at the Cinema Center, 437 East Berry, with an invite-only opening night. Award-winning Mexican filmmaker Alan Jonsson will present his film “La Carga (The Load)” about a Tameme Indian man, a noble Spanish woman and their escape through the forests of the New World in search of freedom in the 16th century.
We are all immigrants in our own way, and we have that in common, said Rafi Khalid II, the director of a Safe and Civil City. That commonality, “Why We are All Immigrants”, is the theme for Fiesta del Otono this year.
The eleventh annual Fiesta del Otono will be Saturday at the Bloomington Community Farmers’ Market at 401 N. Morton St.
Costa also cites a Social Security Administration study that says these immigrants pay far more into Social Security than they take out, netting billions of dollars in benefit to the program.
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. — La Casa, the Indiana University Latino Cultural Center, is celebrating National Hispanic Heritage Month with a full calendar of events on the IU campus and Bloomington community.
National Hispanic Heritage Month, Sept. 15 to Oct. 15, honors the contributions made by Hispanic and Latino Americans to the United States and celebrates their heritage and culture. The month falls within the anniversary of independence for Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua and in celebration of Mexico and Chile’s independence day.
MEXICO CITY — With Indiana in the midst of a substantial increase in its Latino population — which is having a major effect on the growth of the state’s economic enterprise — Indiana University is strengthening its engagement with one of Latin America’s largest, most dynamic and most culturally vibrant countries.
BLOOMINGTON, Ind. — Indiana University enrollment remains strong this fall, with the university continuing to attract diverse students and setting records for credit hours and the number of Hispanic/Latino, Asian-American, minority and international students.
In past years, local Hispanic and Latino artists have shared their heritages through food, music and other entertainment for kids. BPD said it plans to be at the fiesta to reach out and communicate better with the large Hispanic
community present in Bloomington.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind. – Groups across the country Wednesday pushed for immigration reform. The movement is called The Right to Reform campaign, organized by the group, the New American Economy. The group released the findings of a new study Wednesday, which argue immigrants play a huge role in Indiana’s economy.
For 200 years, throughout the state’s entire history, no female, black or Latino leader has represented Indiana in the governor’s office or the U.S. Senate. And that history will not change this year — Democrats and Republicans have again nominated only white males for the state’s two most powerful, high-profile offices.
In fact, over the course of the past two centuries, only one woman (Democrat Jill Long Thompson for Senate in 1986 and governor in 2008) has even been nominated by the major parties for either office. Only one African-American (Republican Marvin Scott in 2004) has won a major party nomination for the U.S. Senate.
ELKHART — The organizers of a 28-member torch relay team formed as part of Indiana’s bicentennial celebrations are open to adding Latinos and African-Americans to make it more demographically diverse.
Diana Lawson, executive director of the Elkhart County Convention and Visitors Bureau, said Monday that she contacted Mark Newman, head of the Indiana Office of Tourism Development, about the make-up of the body after some in Elkhart County questioned the absence of minorities.
Federal authorities have arrested 331 people in six Midwest states, including Illinois and Indiana, as part of a sweep targeting immigrants living illegally in the U.S. previously convicted of crimes and other immigration violators.
INDIANAPOLIS — Indiana’s minorities do not enjoy proportional representation in the Legislature or the state’s congressional delegation, according to data compiled by the Associated Press.
For example, Latinos make up almost 7 percent of the state’s population, but less than 1 percent of the Legislature. The state’s nine-member congressional delegation includes one African-American, but no Latinos.
INDIANAPOLIS — A one-of-a-kind research-based summer camp that helps Marion County Latino youth, who as a group have alarmingly high rates of depression, begins its third year June 20. Camp organizers are seeking donations through the IU Foundation to operate the camp and provide additional services.
The one-week camp is called “Your Life. Your Story.” It was created in 2014 by the Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis in collaboration with the Latino Health Organization, with support from the Minority Health Coalition.
Many are speaking up about what clubs like Pulse, the site of the shooting, mean for queer and Latino communities. Others warn against the temptation to blame Islam for the violence, pointing out that there are many Latino Muslims. (The Pew Research Center estimates that Latinos make up four percent of the 3.3 millionMuslims in America.)
Gov. Mike Pence and other top Indiana Republicans joined a chorus of national GOP figures Tuesday in condemning Donald Trump’s ethnicity-based attacks on an Indiana-born judge.
The responses came a day after Indiana Democrats criticized the state’s GOP leaders for their silence on the issue, even as other prominent Republicans outside the state slammed Trump for what U.S. House Speaker Paul Ryan on Tuesday called “the textbook definition of a racist comment.”
California looks a lot like Indiana — another open primary state with few black voters — and it expects Clinton to lose California by 3 or 4 percentage points, similar to her margin of defeat in the Hoosier State.
These differences are even more profound in other states. Depending on which model you use, Clinton is either an underdog in New Mexico, which has few black voters but lots of Hispanics and Native Americans, or a 50-point favorite.